A dental extraction is the removal of a tooth from its socket in its entirety. It prevents the adjoining teeth from getting infected. Also, it saves the patient from enduring severe pain. Dentists often consider every single treatment procedure before suggesting an extraction as a lot of importance is given to preserving the natural tooth.
Need for an extraction
Cavities: Cavities are the prime cause of tooth extractions. Excessive consumption of sugary foods and improper oral hygiene can lead to the formation of plaque and calculus on the teeth. If not removed regularly, the bacteria can erode the enamel, giving rise to cavities.
Damaged teeth: A bad fall, sports-related injury, or a hard blow to the mouth could mean a cracked or a broken tooth. When the extent of damage is minimal, it can be treated with either a crown, veneer, or filling material. But when the tooth can’t be restored by any means, it will have to be extracted. If not, the exposed pulp of the tooth can get infected by the microbes in the mouth and cause a root canal infection.
Impacted teeth: Impacted teeth are the ones that tend to get ‘stuck’ in the socket of the jawbone. They neither emerge fully, nor remain under the gums, and can cause a lot of pain. It is best to have them extracted, which otherwise can cause an infection.
Apart from these, extractions are also performed when a child’s milk tooth refuses to fall off, while getting dentures, during orthodontic treatment, etc.
The dentist will carefully examine the teeth and conclude whether or not an extraction is required. Local anesthesia would be administered to numb the teeth and surrounding gums. Also, if the patient feels too anxious, mild sedatives such as nitrous oxide can be suggested.
The dentist will grip the tooth to be extracted firmly using forceps. Then, the dentist would gently jerk it to loosen it from the socket. When the tooth loosens enough, it is extracted along with the root in one go. Post extraction, care must be taken not to dislodge the clot at the extraction site. Also, the consumption of hot foods must be avoided.
Please schedule an appointment online or call us at (815) 744-7543 to have a consultation with Dr. Trushar, and we will be happy to help.