Periodontics is a specialized branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and care of the gums. It is mainly focussed on treating gum diseases such as periodontitis and gingivitis. Dr. Trushar has been providing the best quality of dental treatment for several years now. He will conduct a thorough diagnosis and suggest the best treatment solution for your condition.
What is periodontitis?
Periodontitis is, by far, the most severe gum disease. It is caused by the accumulated plaque and tartar on the surface of the teeth crown and the roots. The bacteria in the tartar release toxins that can erode the enamel and infect the gum tissues as well.
What are the causes and symptoms of periodontitis?
Periodontitis is mainly caused due to the accumulated tartar on the surface of the teeth. The bacteria end up infecting the surrounding tissues, and the disease starts as mild irritation and inflammation of the gums. Sometimes, an injury to the gums that is left untreated can also lead to an infection of the gums, which can progress on to become gingivitis.
The symptoms of periodontitis include the following:
- Redness and bleeding
- Release of pus
- Bone deterioration
- Loosening of teeth
How are gum diseases treated?
Oral cleaning: Since plaque and tartar are the leading causes of gum diseases, we will start the treatment procedure by getting rid of the tartar deposits. Scaling and root planing are procedures that are performed using a hand-held ultrasonic scaler to remove tartar from the teeth crowns and roots, respectively.
Gum pocket reduction: The gum pockets could hold a lot of debris and food particles that act as a breeding ground for bacteria and other microbes. A pocket reduction surgery will be performed to eliminate deep gum pockets and prevent reinfection.
Gum surgery: There are different types of gum surgeries which serve different purposes. Regular gum surgery would be done to get rid of the decaying gum tissues. A gum graft would help to replenish the volume of tissues in the gums. Healthy tissues would be taken from a different part of the mouth and grafted to the infected area.
Medication: A small amount of medication, such as Arestin, will be placed on the gums for them to heal and prevent reinfection. Also, oral medication may be prescribed by the dentist.
Regular brushing and flossing get rid of most of the bacteria from the mouth, thereby considerably reducing the chances of developing gum diseases. They also prevent the formation of tartar deposits on the teeth.
Please schedule an appointment online or call us at (815) 744-7543 to have a consultation with Dr. Trushar, and we will be happy to help.